On-line version ISSN 1980-5373
VOLZONE, C.; RINALDI, J.O. and ORTIGA, J.. Swelling of TMA(tetramethylammonium)- and HDP(hexadecylpyridinium)-montmorillonites in water and toluene media: influence of the type montmorillonites. Mat. Res. [online]. 2000, vol.3, n.4, pp. 115-118. ISSN 1980-5373. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1516-14392000000400004.
Organo-clays were prepared by exchange cations of the montmorillonite with tetramethylammonium (TMA)- and hexadecylpyridinium (HDP)-chloride. Two different montmorillonite types were studied. Two amounts of each organic substances (1 and 4 cation exchange capacity times of montmorillonite) were contacted with each montmorillonite clay for 1 and 24 h. The solids were characterized by X-ray diffraction and swelling index. The swelling was measured in water and toluene media. The structural characteristics of montmorillonites changed after organo treatment and showed different behaviour in water and toluene media. The type of montmorillonite, the organic cation intercalates (TMA, HDP) and condition of treatment influenced in the different swelling in water and toluene media.
Keywords : organo-montmorillonite; tetramethylammonium; hexadecylpyridynium; toluene.