versão impressa ISSN 1516-1439
CASTRO, Walman Benício de; MAIA, Manuel de Lucena; KIMINAMI, Claudio Shyinti e BOLFARINI, Claudemiro. Microstructure of undercooled Pb-Sn alloys. Mat. Res. [online]. 2001, vol.4, n.2, pp. 83-86. ISSN 1516-1439. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1516-14392001000200007.
Melt undercooling opens new solidification pathways for non-equilibrium phases and non-conventional microstructures. Several techniques, including the fluxing technique, have been developed in order to reduce nucleation sites and to produce high undercoolings for metals and alloys. In this work the fluxing technique was applied to Pb-25wt%Sn (hypoeutectic), Pb-61.9wt%Sn (eutectic) and Pb-90wt%Sn (hypereutectic) alloys to investigate the influence of the undercooling on the microstructure of these alloys. For the hypoeutectic alloy, an increasing of the undercooling (DTe) from 7 to 13 K resulted in interdendritic eutectic refinement. For the hypereutectic alloy, an increasing of undercooling from 8 to 16 K resulted in a reduction of the b-Sn primary dendrites arm spacing from 50 m to 30 m. For the both hypoeutectic and eutectic alloys, an increasing of the undercooling resulted in an interdendritic eutectic with anomalous morphology. The results indicated that the critical eutectic undercooling, DTe*, that causes a transition from lamellar eutectic to anomalous eutectic in the Pb-Sn alloys, is around 6 K.
Palavras-chave : undercooling; Pb-Sn alloys; microstructure; fluxing technique.