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Materials Research

Print version ISSN 1516-1439On-line version ISSN 1980-5373


SILVEIRA, Cristian Berto da; CAMPOS, Sílvia Denofre de; CAMPOS, Elvio A. de  and  OLIVEIRA, Antônio Pedro Novaes de. Crystallization Mechanism and Kinetics of BaO-Li2O-ZrO2-SiO2 Glasses. Mat. Res. [online]. 2002, vol.5, n.1, pp.21-26. ISSN 1516-1439.

Differential thermal analysis and scanning electron microscopy were used to determine the influence of the addition of BaO on the crystallization mechanism of Li2O-ZrO2-SiO2 systems. As the concentration of BaO in the samples increased, a transition occurred in the predominant crystallization mechanism, which passed from superficial to volumetric. To determine the maximum nucleation rate, the crystallization kinetics of the sample containing 20 mole % BaO, which showed the most uniform crystallization, was studied by counting the nuclei with an image analyzer. The first nuclei appeared at the first endothermic inflection point (at the start of Tg, at 440 °C), while the maximum number of nuclei was counted at the midpoint of the glass transition region (446 °C). These results are similar to those observed for other materials that crystallize in volume, and confirm scanning electron microscopy data.

Keywords : glass ceramics; barium oxide; crystallization; Li2O-ZrO2-SiO2 glass.

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