On-line version ISSN 1980-5373
OLIVEIRA, Mauro Aparecido Ferreira de; JORGE JR, Alberto Moreira and BALANCIN, Oscar. Influence of deformation on the kinetics of phase transformation in a forging steel during warm working. Mat. Res. [online]. 2004, vol.7, n.2, pp. 247-253. ISSN 1980-5373. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1516-14392004000200006.
Dilatometric techniques were used to determine the start and finish transformation heating temperatures for a carbon steel (0.30% C - 1.5% Mn). The mechanical behavior of the steel was measured by torsion testing in the temperature range of 700 to 820 °C with holding times ranging from 1 to 30 min. The flow stress curves presented different shapes and stress levels. These differences were attributed to the ferrite and pearlite, ferrite and austenite, and austenite strained structures. When ferrite and pearlite were deformed together, the flow stress presented a hump with little straining; when the austenitic structure was deformed the shape of the flow stress curve was typical of materials having low stacking fault energy. The microstructural evolution observed by optical and scanning electron microscopy revealed that the evolution of the phase transformation was dependent on the testing temperatures, holding times and amount of straining. Comparisons were made on the kinetics of phase transformation with and without the application of plastic deformation, and evidence of strain-induced dynamic transformation was investigated.
Keywords : warm working; pearlite austenite transformation; flow stress curves.