On-line version ISSN 1980-5373
SOARES, Robson de Miranda et al. Structural characterization of mullites synthesized by thermal decomposition of topaz. Mat. Res. [online]. 2007, vol.10, n.1, pp. 75-78. ISSN 1980-5373. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1516-14392007000100016.
The structure of mullite obtained by thermal decomposition of topaz at 1340 °C and after additional thermal treatment at 1600 °C was characterized by 29Si and 27Al MAS NMR spectroscopy and x ray diffraction. No amorphous phase was detected by these techniques. The 29Si MAS NMR spectra of the mullite samples showed four resonance peaks at -81, -86, -90 and -94 ppm. The peak at -81 ppm corresponded to silicon near oxygen vacancies in the mullite structure. The peak at 86 ppm was related to a sillimanite-type site and was the major contribution, ranging from 42 to 50%. The two other peaks, at -90.0 ppm and -94 ppm, were interpreted as resulting from rearrangements of the sillimanite-type site by the replacement of AlO4 by SiO4 tetrahedra16. The 27Al MAS NMR data of the two samples exhibited three different peaks, two of which were attributed to tetrahedral sites at 40 -45 and 63 -67 ppm, while the third was assigned to an octahedral site at about -6 ppm. The ratio of tetrahedral to octahedral aluminum sites was found to depend on the temperature applied during the preparation of the mullite and was higher at 1600 °C.
Keywords : mullite synthesis; topaz; characterization; 27Al and 29Si MAS NMR, XRD.