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Materials Research

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PATEL, Mitesh Ramanlal; SHUKLA, Jignesh Markandray; PATEL, Natvarbhai Khodidas  and  PATEL, Ketan Haribhai. Biomaterial based novel polyurethane adhesives for wood to wood and metal to metal bonding. Mat. Res. [online]. 2009, vol.12, n.4, pp.385-393. ISSN 1516-1439.

Polyurethane adhesives made from synthetic chemicals are non-biodegradable, costly and difficult to find raw materials from local market. To avoid solid pollution problem, cost effectiveness and easy availability of raw materials, biomaterials based polyurethane adhesives are used in current industrial interest. Direct use of castor oil in polyurethane adhesive gives limited hardness. Modification on active sites of castor oil to utilize double bond of unsaturated fatty acid and carboxyl group yields new modified or activated polyols, which can be utilized for polyurethane adhesive formulation. In view of this, we have synthesized polyurethane adhesives from polyester polyols, castor oil based polyols and epoxy based polyols with Isocyanate adducts based on castor oil and trimethylolpropane. To study the effects of polyurethane adhesive strength (i.e. lap shear strength) on wood-to-wood and metal-to-metal bonding through various types of polyols, cross-linking density, isocyanate adducts and also to compare adhesive strength between wood to wood and metal to metal surface. These polyols and polyurethanes were characterized through GPC, NMR and IR-spectroscopy, gel and surface drying time. Thermal stability of PU adhesives was determined under the effect of cross-linking density (NCO/OH ratio). The NCO/OH ratio (1.5) was optimized for adhesives as the higher NCO/OH ratio (2.0) increasing cross-linking density and decreases adhesion. Lower NCO/OH ratio (1.0) provideslow cross-linking density and low strength of adhesives.

Keywords : adhesive; castor oil; polyurethanes.

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