versión impresa ISSN 1516-1439
SILVA, Gabriela Cordeiro; ALMEIDA, Fabiana Soares; FERREIRA, Angela Melo y CIMINELLI, Virginia Sampaio Teixeira. Preparation and application of a magnetic composite (Mn3O4/Fe3O4) for removal of As(III) from aqueous solutions. Mat. Res. [online]. 2012, vol.15, n.3, pp. 403-408. Epub 05-Abr-2012. ISSN 1516-1439. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1516-14392012005000041.
The introduction of magnetic properties in adsorbent materials has the aim of improving solid-liquid separation processes. In this work, a magnetic composite was synthesized through the precipitation of manganese oxide in the presence of magnetite particles using O2 as an oxidant. The composite proved to be chemically and physically stable within a wide range of pH values. The composite characterization indicated that hausmannite (Mn3O4) represents the precipitated manganese phase and that magnetite undergoes no phase transformation during the synthesis. The composite and Mn3O4 particles were used to remove As(III) from aqueous solutions. The magnetic composite and Mn3O4 sample presented high and similar affinity for As(III), with maximum sorptive capacities of 14 mgAs gsolid-1 (0.0048 mmolAs m-2solid) and 20 mgAs gsolid-1 (0.0049 mmolAs m-2solid), respectively, at pH 5.0. The combination of an active high surface area sorbent (Mn3O4) with a magnetic phase (Fe3O4) allows for efficient As(III) removal and solid/liquid separation.
Palabras llave : magnetic composite; manganese oxide; arsenic; adsorption.