Print version ISSN 1516-1439
SILVA, Ronaldo Santos da; HERNANDES, Antonio Carlos and M'PEKO, Jean-Claude. Effect of pH-induced nanopowder deagglomeration on sintering, microstructure and dielectric properties of Ba0.77Ca0.23TiO3 ceramics. Mat. Res. [online]. 2012, vol.15, n.4, pp. 522-529. Epub July 17, 2012. ISSN 1516-1439. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1516-14392012005000071.
Ba0.77Ca0.23TiO3 ceramics were produced in this work starting from nanopowders synthesized via a polymeric precursor method. By adjusting the pH values of the precursor solutions above 7, it was possible to prepare powders weakly aggregated and with a smaller particle size, both facts which traduced into an enhanced nanopowders' sintering process at comparatively lower temperatures. Irrespective of the initial pH value, highly-dense and second phase-free ceramics were obtained following optimal sintering parameters (temperature and time) extracted from dilatometric and density measurements. By considering these and other sintering conditions, moreover, polycrystalline materials with an average grain size varying from 0.35 to 8 mm were produced, the grain growth process involving liquid phase-assisted sintering for heat treatments achieved at 1320 °C. The study of grain size effects on the ferroelectric properties of these materials was conducted, the results being discussed in the light of previous debates, including grain size-dependent degree of tetragonal distortion in such materials, as verified in this work.
Keywords : barium calcium titanate; nanopowders synthesis; sintering; microstructures; dielectric properties.