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Materials Research

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VAIčIUKYNIENE, Danute; VAITKEVIčIUS, Vitoldas; KANTAUTAS, Aras  and  SASNAUSKAS, Vytautas. Utilization of by-product waste silica in concrete - based materials. Mat. Res. [online]. 2012, vol.15, n.4, pp.561-567.  Epub July 31, 2012. ISSN 1516-1439.

The usage of waste silica from AlF3 production is limited due to admixtures of fluoride in its composition. The negative effect of admixtures was eliminated by thermally activating this silica gel. After thermal activation the mineralogical composition of silica gel changes. Fluorine is binding in low-reactive compounds, which insignificant effect on the cement hydration process. The possibilities of using waste by-product silica in hardened cement paste were investigated. Silica gel could be used as additive of the hardened cement paste after thermal activation (1 hour at 800 °C temperature). It was discovered that the optimum content of thermally activated technogenic silica gel additive under the conditions explored was up to 10% of the total quantity of the cement. After 28 days of hardening, the strength of hardened cement paste increased 7 MPa when the quantity of the additive was - 10% of the total weight when compared to the strength qualities of the samples with no additives used.

Keywords : by product waste silica; concrete - based materials; AlF3 production wastes.

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