Print version ISSN 1516-1439
BEATRICE, Cesar Augusto Gonçalves; SANTOS, Camila Ribeiro dos; BRANCIFORTI, Marcia Cristina and BRETAS, Rosario Elida Suman. Nanocomposites of polyamide 6/residual monomer with organic-modified montmorillonite and their nanofibers produced by electrospinning. Mat. Res. [online]. 2012, vol.15, n.4, pp. 611-621. Epub Aug 07, 2012. ISSN 1516-1439. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1516-14392012005000089.
Nanocomposites of an organic-modified montmorillonite (MMT) and polyamide 6 (PA6) with a residual monomer were produced by melt mixing in a torque rheometer. By wide angle X-rays diffraction (WAXD), intercalated/exfoliated structures were observed in the PA6/MMT nanocomposites with 3 and 5 wt. (%) of MMT; on the other hand, when 7 wt. (%) of MMT was added, a nanocomposite with exfoliated structures was obtained due to the predominant linking reactions between the residual monomer and the "nanoclays" organic surfactant. Solutions of these PA6/MMT nanocomposites at 15, 17 and 20 wt. (%) in formic acid were prepared. The 3 and 5 wt. (%) nanocomposites were successfully electrospun; however, electrospinning of the 7 wt. (%) nanocomposite was not possible. WAXD, scanning and transmission electron microscopy results showed that the 3 and 5 wt. (%) nanofibers with average diameter between 80-250 nm had exfoliated structures. These results indicate that the high elongational forces developed during the electrospinning process changed the initial intercalated/exfoliated structure of the nanocomposites to an exfoliated one.
Keywords : electrospinning; nanocomposites; polyamide 6; residual monomer; nanoclay.