Print version ISSN 1516-1439
MIR, Mirta et al. XRD, AFM, IR and TGA study of nanostructured hydroxyapatite. Mat. Res. [online]. 2012, vol.15, n.4, pp. 622-627. Epub July 03, 2012. ISSN 1516-1439. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1516-14392012005000069.
In this work, the synthetic hydroxyapatite (HAP) was studied using different preparation routes to decrease the crystal size and to study the temperature effect on the HAP nano-sized hydroxyapatite crystallization. X-ray diffraction (XRD) analysis indicated that all samples were composed by crystalline and amorphous phases . The sample with greater quantity of amorphous phase (40% of total mass) was studied. The nano-sized hydroxyapatite powder was heated and studied at 300, 500, 700, 900 and 1150 °C. All samples were characterized by XRD and their XRD patterns refined using the Rietveld method. The crystallites presented an anisotropic form, being larger in the  direction. It was observed that the crystallite size increased continuously with the heating temperature and the eccentricity of the ellipsoidal shape changed from 2.75 at 300 °C to 1.94, 1.43, 1.04 and 1.00 respectively at 500, 700, 900 and 1150 °C. In order to better characterize the morphology of the HAP the samples were also examined using atomic force microscopy (AFM), infrared spectrometry (IR) and thermogravimetric analysis (TGA).
Keywords : nanocrystals; AFM; XRD; hydroxyapatite; Rietveld; TGA e IR.