Print version ISSN 1516-1439
PISTOR, Vinicius et al. Influence of glass and sisal fibers on the cure kinetics of unsaturated polyester resin. Mat. Res. [online]. 2012, vol.15, n.4, pp.650-656. Epub June 26, 2012. ISSN 1516-1439. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1516-14392012005000064.
The effect of grinded glass and sisal fibers (25 vol%) on the cure kinetics of composites of unsaturated polyester resin (UPR) was investigated by differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) and scanning electron microscopy (SEM). The DSC analysis was carried out at four different heating rates (5, 10, 20 and 40 °C/min), and the cure enthalpy and activation energy (Ea) were determined according to the Flynn-Wall-Ozawa (FWO) method. The results showed that increasing heating rates promoted reduced reaction times. The sisal fiber-containing composites exhibit higher activation energy values for the cure process in comparison with the neat polyester resin and the glass fiber composites. This can be due to the presence of polar groups in the sisal components, which physically interact with the polyester resin and retard the cure reaction. Hence, as sisal fiber retarded the cure reaction of the UPR resin, it is suggested that the use of natural fibers in polymer matrix composites can affect the cure kinetics of the polyester resin.
Keywords : composites; activation energy; FWO method and cure kinetics.