Print version ISSN 1516-1439
MOUSA, Ahmad et al. Carboxylated nitrile butadiene rubber/hybrid filler composites. Mat. Res. [online]. 2012, vol.15, n.4, pp. 671-678. Epub July 31, 2012. ISSN 1516-1439. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1516-14392012005000086.
The surface properties of the OSW and NLS are measured with the dynamic contact-angle technique. The x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) of the OSW reveals that the OSW possesses various reactive functional groups namely hydroxyl groups (OH). Hybrid filler from NLS and OSW were incorporated into carboxylated nitrile rubber (XNBR) to produce XNBR hybrid composites. The reaction of OH groups from the OSW with COOH of the XNBR is checked by attenuated total reflectance spectra (ATR-IR) of the composites. The degree of curing ΔM (maximum torque-minimum torque) as a function of hybrid filler as derived from moving die rheometer (MDR) is reported. The stress-strain behavior of the hybrid composites as well as the dynamic mechanical thermal analysis (DMTA) is studied. Bonding quality and dispersion of the hybrid filler with and in XNBR are examined using scanning-transmission electron microscopy (STEM in SEM).
Keywords : olive solid waste; environment; strength; hybrid filler; composite; elastomer.