Print version ISSN 1516-1439
CHEN, Ti Jun; WANG, Rui Quan; MA, Ying and HAO, Yuan. Effects of processing parameters on microstructure and ultimate tensile strength of thixoformed AM60B magnesium alloy. Mat. Res. [online]. 2012, vol.15, n.4, pp. 687-697. Epub July 17, 2012. ISSN 1516-1439. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1516-14392012005000079.
The effects of processing parameters, such as the punch speed, reheating duration and reheating temperature, on microstructure and ultimate tensile strength (UTS) of thixoformed AM60B magnesium alloy have been investigated. The results indicate that low punch speed, short reheating duration or low reheating temperature often produces the defect of cold shuts or shrinkage porosities. On the contrary, gas pores can easily form. In addition, the reheating duration or temperature also has obvious effects on the primary particle size, fraction and morphology. The three parameters can significantly affect the UTS due to their effects on the formation of pores (cold shuts, shrinkage porosities and gas pores). But they can not alter the fracture path during tensile testing and the path is always along the secondarily solidified structures between the primary particles. The effect of pore amount on the UTS is lager than that of the primary particle size, fraction or morphology. In view of their effects on the microstructure compactness and the resultant UTS, the optimized parameters are reheating for 130 minutes at 610 °C and punch speed of 3 m/s.
Keywords : AM60B magnesium alloy; thixoforming; microstructure; ultimate tensile strength.