Print version ISSN 1516-1439
LUCIANO, Benedito Antonio et al. Performance of single wire earth return transformers with amorphous alloy core in a rural electric energy distribution system. Mat. Res. [online]. 2012, vol.15, n.5, pp.801-804. Epub May 08, 2012. ISSN 1516-1439. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1516-14392012005000045.
In this paper are presented some considerations about the performance of single wire earth return amorphous alloy core transformers in comparison with conventional silicon steel sheets cores transformers used in rural electric energy distribution network. It has been recognized that amorphous metal core transformers improve electrical power distribution efficiency by reducing transformer core losses. This reduction is due to some electromagnetic properties of the amorphous alloys such as: high magnetic permeability, high resistivity, and low coercivity. Experimental results obtained with some single-phase, 60 Hz, 5 kVA amorphous core transformers installed in a rural area electric distribution system in Northern Brazil have been confirming their superior performance in comparison to identical nominal rated transformers built with conventional silicon steel cores, particularly with regard to the excitation power and to the no-load losses.
Keywords : amorphous alloy; core losses; energy efficiency; transformer.