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CIAMBELLI, Giuliano Serafino et al. Characterization of poly (L-co-D,L Lactic Acid) and a study of polymer-tissue interaction in subcutaneous implants in wistar rats. Mat. Res. [online]. 2013, vol.16, n.1, pp.28-37.  Epub Oct 26, 2012. ISSN 1516-1439.

Poly (L-co-D,L lactic acid) (PLDLA) is an important biomaterial because of its biocompatibility properties that promote cellular regeneration and growth. The aim of this study was to evaluate the polymer-tissue interaction of PLDLA implants in the dorsal subcutaneous tissue of male Wistar rats at various intervals (2, 7, 15, 30, 60 and 90 days) after implantation. Physical properties such as the glass transition point (Tg), degradation behavior and other mechanical properties were characterized by differential scanning calorimetry (DSC), thermogravimetric analysis (TGA), gel permeation chromatography (GPC), scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and tension tests. Analysis of the degradation of PLDLA membranes in vitro showed that the polymer became crystalline as a function of the degradation time. Mechanical tension tests showed that the polymer behaved like a ductile material: when subjected to constant tension it initially suffered deformation, then elongation and finally ruptured. TGA/MEV provided evidence of PLDLA membrane degradation. For histological analysis, samples from each group were processed in xylol/paraffin, except for the 60 - and 90 - day samples. Each of the latter samples was divided in two: one half was treated with xylol/paraffin and the other with historesin. Light microscopy showed the adhesion of cells to the biomaterial, the formation of a conjunctive capsule around the implant, the presence of epithelioid cells, the formation of foreign body giant cells and angiogenesis. During degradation, the polymer showed a 'lace' - like appearance when processed in xylol/paraffin compared to the formation of "centripetal cracks in the form of glove fingers" when embedded in historesin.

Keywords : PLDLA; degradation in vitro; tissue.

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