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Revista CEFAC

Print version ISSN 1516-1846On-line version ISSN 1982-0216

Abstract

BRAMATTI, Luciana; MORATA, Thaís Catalani  and  MARQUES, Jair Mendes. Positive focus in educational interventions in a hearing conservation program and its evaluation. Rev. CEFAC [online]. 2008, vol.10, n.3, pp.398-408. ISSN 1982-0216.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1516-18462008000300016.

PURPOSE: to evaluate the efficacy of an educational intervention on hearing protection in a group of 61 workers at a meat packing company. METHODS: one group of workers participated in a training session that used positive messages; the other group of workers received no intervention. The two versions of the NIOSH "Beliefs and Attitudes on Hearing Loss Prevention" questionnaire were used to assess changes before and after the intervention. Workers who received the training using positive messages showed significant changes in their perception of the benefits and obstacles to preventive action in comparison with the group that did not receive any intervention. RESULTS: the post-test scores for perception of susceptibility to developing a hearing loss and obstacles to preventive actions were significantly associated with gender and tenure; perception of severity of the consequences of a hearing loss was associated with noise level; social norms were associated with tenure; and self-efficacy was associated with audiometric thresholds. CONCLUSION: this study will make easier the development of interventions focused on the areas where workers lack information, and allow for educational materials for hearing loss prevention programs to be appropriately addressed to relevant obstacles. The use of a questionnaire on beliefs and attitudes such as the one selected for this study allows the identification of issues that require clarification in educational interventions.

Keywords : Hearing; Ear Protection Devices; Occupational Health; Noise.

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