Print version ISSN 1516-1846
BERNARDES, Daniele Fontes Ferreira; GOMEZ, Maria Valéria Schmidt Goffi and BENTO, Ricardo Ferreira. Surface electromyography in peripheral facial paralysis patients. Rev. CEFAC [online]. 2010, vol.12, n.1, pp. 91-96. Epub Nov 13, 2009. ISSN 1516-1846. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1516-18462009005000052.
PURPOSE: to study the surface electromyographic activity of frontal, orbicular occuli, orbicular oris and zigomatycs muscles in normal subjects and in peripheral facial paralysis patients. METHODS: six volunteers with no facial paralysis history as well as six peripheral facial paralysis patients were evaluated with electromyography using superficial electrodes. Maximum effort muscle activity and symmetry index were measured for the voluntary movements such as: raising eyebrows, eyes closing, smiling, puckering lips. RESULTS: it was found out that in normal subjects the muscle activity values were similar between the two sides of the face, showing that the facial nerve integrity is fundamental to the balance of facial mimics. In facial paralysis patients, the mean electromyographic values for both sides of the face were significantly different (evidencing the lack of facial nerve information to the muscles). CONCLUSION: the electromyographic results showed a statistically significant difference between the two sides of the face in the normal subjects and in facial paralysis patients.
Keywords : Facial Paralysis; Electromyography; Facial Nerve.