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versión impresa ISSN 1516-1846
PRETTO, Janaína Pereira. The influence of the parental desire in the high abilities/superendowment: a psychoanalytical approach. Rev. CEFAC [online]. 2010, vol.12, n.5, pp. 859-869. Epub 23-Abr-2010. ISSN 1516-1846. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1516-18462010005000087.
BACKGROUND: This work aims to discuss the high skills / superendowment, through apsychoanalytical reading, in where we propose to study the superendowment as constituting a peculiar to answer the parental ghost, above all, with what is related to the maternal wish, putting itself as something that is beyond the structure, present in the neurosis, as well as in the perversion and psychosis. From this, we will approach the psychoanalytical conception of the process of psychic structuring, in order to emphasis the constitution neurotic of the subject, for circumscribing in what form the same found referred to the significant superendowment and how this will be reflected in its relation with knowing. Such being the case, we will try to analyze the notion of psychic structure and unconscious structure, verifying how this theory introduces the maternal figure in the process of psychic constitution concerning the subject and how this reflects in the cognitive processes. For this study, we carried out a bibliographic type qualitative research where were selected books and articles capable to explain the theme. PURPOSE: to try to understand how the high intellectual performance of the gifted child it appears as a form to answer the narcissus wish of the parents. CONCLUSION: in accordance with the literature revision, the gifted child, though on one form unconscious, can be a substitute capable to recover the losses of infancy, the return to the lost time, the lost loves, the parental ideals, answering promptly to the unconditional demand of the other. To such an effective high skills/ superendowment appear as a trace, intended to answer the parental ghost, above all in what it relates to the maternal wish.
Palabras clave : Intelligence; Narcissism; Psychoanalysis.