On-line version ISSN 1982-0216
DESTRO, Carla Maria Ariano and SOUZA, Luiz Augusto de Paula. Oral and written language in institutionalized juvenile offenders. Rev. CEFAC [online]. 2012, vol.14, n.6, pp. 1020-1027. Epub Aug 12, 2011. ISSN 1982-0216. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1516-18462011005000089.
PURPOSE: to map and characterize the occurrence of oral and / or written language disturbances in a group of institutionalized juvenile offenders, checking how possible language and communication difficulties impact on these subjects' social life. METHOD: exploratory and descriptive study, with 40 interns of Fundação Casa / IU 25 unit - Rio Negro/ Franco da Rocha city complex - SP, between 15 and 18 year old. For collecting the data we applied the Mini-Mental State Examination - MMSE test, to detect individuals who may have cognitive impairment; the Montreal test, to examine simple oral and written language abilities and a semi-structured an interview, whose script was related to General Health, School Path, Vocational Path and perceptions of criminal behavior. RESULTS: the results showed that the majority of the population was literate and there was no occurrence of cognitive impairment. There was a high rate of school dropouts due from difficulties in following school curriculum and adapting to school rules and dynamics, indicating the impacts referring to language difficulties, especially written language, on condition that, in combination with other factors favored the conduct infractions. CONCLUSION: the young offenders had problems to develop and to engage in socio-cultural patterns and values, including school rules, which impose limits on their discursive access and movement, by restricting the uses of language, as a path to the development of personal social practice and citizenship. The findings provide evidence, among other factors, on the social impact that poor schooling and socialization of young people may come to cause. The study demonstrates that language should be designed as a social practice, mostly in the expression and communication forms of these subjects.
Keywords : Language Arts; Juvenile Delinquency; Adolescent, Institutionalized; Institutionalization.