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Revista CEFAC

versão impressa ISSN 1516-1846versão On-line ISSN 1982-0216

Resumo

VIEGAS, Larissa Hellen Teixeira et al. Speech, Language and Hearing services in Primary Health Care in Brazil: an analysis of provision and an estimate of shortage, 2005-2015. Rev. CEFAC [online]. 2018, vol.20, n.3, pp.353-362. ISSN 1516-1846.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/1982-021620182031918.

Objective:

to investigate the evolution and estimate the shortage of Speech, Language and Hearing professionals in Primary Health Care between 2005 and 2015.

Methods:

a mixed ecological study using data from the National Registry of Health Facilities and the Primary Health Care Information System. A descriptive analysis regarding the evolution of the number of professionals working in Primary Health Care over this period, in Brazilian states and regions, was conducted. The ratio of professionals per 100,000 inhabitants for the years 2005, 2010 and 2015, and the shortages in 2015, were estimated.

Results:

in 2005, there were 1,717 professionals working in Primary Health Care, that is, one per 100,000 inhabitants. In 2015, there were 4,124, increasing to 2.1/100,000. In 2015, the shortage in supply was 55.1%, varying widely across the states.

Conclusion:

the shortage in supply is equivalent to an absence of Speech, Language and Hearing service coverage within Primary Health Care for more than half of the Brazilian population. It is worth noting that a conservative parameter was adopted to conduct this estimate. The results suggest a process of consolidation for the inclusion of Speech, Language and Hearing professionals within Primary Health Care, however, still characterized by insufficient and unequal supply across the nation.

Palavras-chave : Speech, Language and Hearing Sciences; Health Service Accessibility; Unified Health System; Primary Health Care.

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