Sao Paulo Medical Journal
versión impresa ISSN 1516-3180
OLIVEIRA, Luiz Carlos de et al. Catheter-associated urinary infection in kidney post-transplant patients. Sao Paulo Med. J. [online]. 2001, vol.119, n.5, pp. 165-168. ISSN 1516-3180. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1516-31802001000500003.
CONTEXT: There is still controversy as to the use and dosage of antimicrobial prophylaxis of the urinary infection associated with urethral catheterization in the post renal transplant period. OBJECTIVE: To determine whether patients develop urinary infection during short-term urethral catheterization after renal transplant without routine antimicrobial prophylaxis. DESIGN: Prospective study. SETTING: Kidney Transplantation Unit. SAMPLE: 20 patients submitted to non-complicated kidney transplant, with a normal urinary tract and no risk factors present regarding urinary infection. Aged 15 to 65 years. MAIN MEASUREMENTS: Before the transplant, material from the urethral meatus and urine were collected for culture. After the transplant, in the period during which the patient was with short-term urethral catheterization (4 to 5 days), material from the urethral meatus and urine from the bladder and the collecting bag were taken daily from all recipients for culture. RESULTS: There was a predominance of coagulase-negative Staphylococcus and S. viridans in the normal urethral meatus flora and in the first two days of urethral catheterization. After the second day, there was a predominance of E. coli and E. faecalis. Urinary infection did not occur during the period of urethral catheterization. In the follow up only one female patient (7%) had asymptomatic bacteriuria caused by E.coli after the withdrawal of the urethral catheter. CONCLUSIONS: Infection urinary does not occur during the period of urethral catheterization in kidney post-transplant patients. Thus, antimicrobial prophylaxis is not recommended for these patients to prevent urinary infection.
Palabras llave : Urinary infection; Urethral catheterization; Renal Transplantation.