Sao Paulo Medical Journal
On-line version ISSN 1806-9460
FARIA, Eliana Cotta de; GEBRIN, Adriana Celeste; NADRUZ JUNIOR, Wilson and CASTILHO, Lucia Nassi. Phospholipid transfer protein activity in two cholestatic patients. Sao Paulo Med. J. [online]. 2004, vol.122, n.4, pp. 175-177. ISSN 1806-9460. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1516-31802004000400009.
CONTEXT: Plasma phospholipid transfer protein mediates the transfer of phospholipids from triglyceride-rich lipoproteins, very low density lipoproteins and low density lipoproteins to high density lipoproteins, a process that is also efficient between high density lipoprotein particles. It promotes a net movement of phospholipids, thereby generating small lipid-poor apolipoprotein AI that contains particles and subfractions that are good acceptors for cell cholesterol efflux. CASE REPORT: We measured the activity of plasma phospholipid transfer protein in two cholestatic patients, assuming that changes in activity would occur in serum that was positive for lipoprotein X. Both patients presented severe hypercholesterolemia, high levels of low density lipoprotein cholesterol and, in one case, low levels of high density lipoprotein cholesterol and high levels of phospholipid serum. The phospholipid transfer activity was close to the lower limit of the reference interval. To our knowledge, this is the first time such results have been presented. We propose that phospholipid transfer protein activity becomes reduced under cholestasis conditions because of changes in the chemical composition of high density lipoproteins, such as an increase in phospholipids content. Also, lipoprotein X, which is rich in phospholipids, could compete with high density lipoproteins as a substrate for phospholipid transfer protein.
Keywords : Cholestasis; Lipoprotein X; Phospholipids; Apolipoprotein A-I; Hypercholesterolemia.