Sao Paulo Medical Journal
On-line version ISSN 1806-9460
OLIVEIRA, Fátima Palha de and PEDROSA, Roberto Coury. Ventilatory response during exercise among chronic Chagas cardiopathy patients. Sao Paulo Med. J. [online]. 2006, vol.124, n.5, pp.280-284. ISSN 1806-9460. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1516-31802006000500010.
CONTEXT AND OBJECTIVE: The change in slope of the VE/VCO2 curve with time during exercise (VE/VCO2 slope) has been recommended as a parameter for analyzing the ventilatory response during exercise among patients with heart failure of different etiologies. The aim of this work was to evaluate the ventilatory response among patients with chronic Chagas cardiopathy. METHODS: Forty-eight patients, divided into four groups according to the Los Andes clinical/hemodynamic classification, were studied. They were also classified according to peak oxygen uptake (peak VO2) for a second analysis. The results from the patients were compared with results from a control group consisting of 21 healthy male volunteers (no Chagas disease). Exercise was performed on a cycle ergometer with loads increasing at the rate of 12.5 watts/min, and exercise duration was symptom-limited. Gas concentration and flow rate data were fed into a computer, which produced a real-time report on ventilatory and gas exchange parameters (breath-by-breath). The ventilatory parameters of VE/VCO2 slope and VE/VCO2 ratio computed at different times of the test were adopted. RESULTS: Although there were no significant differences in VE/VCO2 ratio and VE/VCO2 slope when patients were grouped using the Los Andes clinical/hemodynamic classification, these parameters varied significantly when peak VO2 was used to define patient groups. CONCLUSION: Our results indicate that progressive deterioration in ventilatory response among chronic Chagas cardiopathy patients during exercise is more evident when the functional capacity (peak VO2) is reduced, than when changes are related to the Los Andes classification.
Keywords : Chagas disease; Oxygen consumption; Ventilation; Carbon dioxide; Exercise test.