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Sao Paulo Medical Journal
versão On-line ISSN 1806-9460
RIBEIRO, Sérgio Conti et al. Müllerian duct anomalies: review of current management. Sao Paulo Med. J. [online]. 2009, vol.127, n.2, pp.92-96. ISSN 1806-9460. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1516-31802009000200007.
The aim of this paper was to discuss the embryological aspects of Müllerian duct anomalies and to analyze the current diagnostic methods and therapy. Müllerian anomalies are congenital defects of the female reproductive tract resulting from failure in the development of the Müllerian ducts and their associated structures. Their cause has yet to be fully clarified, and it is currently believed to be multifactorial. Symptoms appear principally during adolescence or early adulthood, and affect the reproductive capacity of these women. When clinically suspected, investigations leading to diagnosis include imaging methods such as hysterosalpingography, ultrasonography and magnetic resonance. The classification of these malformations relates to their embryogenesis, and defines the therapy and prognosis. Müllerian anomalies consist of a wide range of defects that may vary from patient to patient. Therefore, their management must also be individual, taking anatomical and clinical characteristics into consideration, as well as the patient's wishes.
Palavras-chave : Urogenital abnormalities; Müllerian ducts; Embryonic development; Laparoscopy; Infertility; Gynecology.