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Sao Paulo Medical Journal

Print version ISSN 1516-3180


SALINAS-TORRES, Victor Michael; BARAJAS-BARAJAS, Leticia Oralia; PEREZ-GARCIA, Nicolas  and  PEREZ-GARCIA, Guillermo. Bilateral tibial hemimelia type 1 (1a and 1b) with T9 and T10 hemivertebrae: a novel association. Sao Paulo Med. J. [online]. 2013, vol.131, n.4, pp.275-278. ISSN 1516-3180.


Congenital absence of the tibia is a rare anomaly with an incidence of one per 1,000,000 live births. It is mostly sporadic and can be identified as an isolated disorder or as part of malformation syndromes.


A male child, born to unaffected and non-consanguineous parents, presented with shortening of the legs and adduction of both feet. Physical examination at six months of age showed head circumference of 44.5 cm (75th percentile), length 60 cm (< 3rd percentile), weight 7,700 g (50th percentile), shortening of the left thigh and both legs with varus foot. There were no craniofacial dysmorphisms or chest, abdominal, genital or upper-extremity anomalies. Psychomotor development was normal. His workup, including renal and cranial ultrasonography, brainstem auditory evoked potential, and ophthalmological and cardiological examinations, was normal. X-rays showed bilateral absence of the tibia with intact fibulae, distally hypoplastic left femur, and normal right femur. In addition, spinal radiographs showed hemivertebrae at T9 and T10.


This novel association expands the spectrum of tibial hemimelia. Moreover, this observation highlights the usefulness of this inexpensive diagnostic method (X-rays) for characterizing the great clinical and radiological variability of tibial hemimelia.

Keywords : Femur; Ectromelia; Tibia; Thoracic vertebrae; X-rays.

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