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vol.28 issue5Productive and reproductive traits of straightbred Nellore and crossbred 1/2 Canchim + 1/2 Nellore FemalesSources of variation on milk yield of a Holstein breed herd in São Carlos, SP author indexsubject indexarticles search
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Revista Brasileira de Zootecnia

On-line version ISSN 1806-9290


ALENCAR, Maurício Mello de; TULLIO, Rymer Ramiz  and  CORREA, Luciano de Almeida. Weight and weight ratios of calves out of straightbred nellore and crossbred canchim x nellore cows. R. Bras. Zootec. [online]. 1999, vol.28, n.5, pp.968-971. ISSN 1806-9290.

The objective of this work was to study birth (BW) and weaning (WW) weights, and birth weight/cow weight at calving (BWR) and weaning weight/cow weight at calving (WWR) ratios of 1/2 Canchim + 1/2 Nellore and 1/2 Charolais + 1/4 Canchim + 1/4 Nellore calves out of straightbred Nellore and crossbred 1/2 Canchim + 1/2 Nellore cows, and sired by Canchim (5/8 Charolais + 3/8 Zebu) and Charolais bulls, respectively. Analyses of variance were carried out separately for each genetic group, by the least square method, with models that included the effects of year and month of birth of calf, sex of calf, age of cow and origin of cow (for the Nellore cows only). Year of birth affected all studied traits, except BW and BWR of the 1/2 Charolais calves, while month of birth had no effect on BW of those calves only. The heaviest calves at weaning were those born during the dry period (from July to September). The highest weight ratios were for the calves born from July to November. Sex of calf affected only the traits measured at weaning; male calves were heavier and showed higher weight ratio than the females. There was a tendency for increasing weights and decreasing weight ratios as the cows aged. Origin of the Nellore cow affected the traits of the 1/2 Canchim calves. The least square means obtained were equal to 31.6 ± .2 kg (BW), 195 ± 1 kg (WW), 71.0 ± .5 g/kg (BWR) and 437 ± 3 g/kg (WWR), for the 1/2 Canchim calves, and 36.1±.2 kg (BW), 246 ± 1 kg (WW), 72.4 ± .4 g/kg (BWR) and 492 ± 2 g/kg (WWR), for the 1/2 Charolais calves. These results suggest that straightbred Nellore and crossbred 1/2 Canchim + 1/2 Nellore cows may be considered of good productive efficiency, measured by the ratio weight of calf/weight of cow, when mated to Canchim and Charolais bulls, respectively.

Keywords : beef cows; crossbreeding; productive efficiency; weight.

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