Revista Brasileira de Zootecnia
On-line version ISSN 1806-9290
COSTA, Eduardo Castro da et al. Feedlot Performance of Young Red Angus Steers Slaughtered at Different Body Weights. Rev. Bras. Zootec. [online]. 2002, vol.31, n.1, pp. 129-138. ISSN 1806-9290. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1516-35982002000100015.
The feedlot performance of Red Angus steers, with initial age of eight months and 189 kg of initial live weight, fed to reach the slaughter weight (SW) of 340, 370, 400 or 430 kg, was evaluated. The number of days to reach the respective weight was 114, 144, 168 and 209 days, with 12, 13, 14 and 15 months of age. The animals were fed with a 13.13% crude protein diet, and roughage:concentrate ratio of 56:44. The average daily gain was 1.32, 1.27, 1.23 and 1.15 kg, respectively. Dry matter intake (DMI) expressed in kg/day/animal and metabolic weight, did not show significant relation with slaughter weight. When DMI was expressed per 100 kg of live weight a linear decline occurred (DMI/100 kg W= 3.599 - 0.003152SW) as the final weight increased. Body condition improved linearly with the final weight (Body condtion = 0.159 + 0.0103SW), while feed conversion worsen (FCDM = 1.585 + 0.01019SW), however it can be considered satisfactory, being respectively 5.09, 5.35, 5.55 and 6.04 kg of DM/kg of weight gain. In order to reach the minimum carcass weight and subcutaneous fat thickness required, the regression equation estimation showed that slaughter weight should be of 337 and 327 kg, respectively.
Keywords : Bos taurus; feed conversion; feed efficiency; food intake; slaughter weight; weight gain.