Revista Brasileira de Zootecnia
On-line version ISSN 1806-9290
POTTER, Bernardo Augusto Albornoz and LOBATO, José Fernando Piva. Performance and carcass traits of Braford steers weaned at 100 or 180 days and slaughtered at 13-14 months old. R. Bras. Zootec. [online]. 2003, vol.32, n.5, pp.1220-1226. ISSN 1806-9290. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1516-35982003000500024.
Live weight at the beginning of the finishing period (IFW), average daily gain (ADG), slaughter weight (SW), cold carcass weight (CCW), carcass dressing percentage (DP), subcutaneous fat thickness (SFT) and slaughter age in days (SA) of 32 castrated males Braford, previously weaned at 100 (EW) or 180 days (CW) and slaughtered at 13-14 months old, were evaluated. From CW (03/06/01) until the beginning of finishing period (08/09/01), when passed to an improved pasture of ryegrass (Lolium multiflorum L.), the calves were maintened on a rice (Oryza sativa) post-harvested paddock. From 09/04/01, the calves had a supplementary feeding, basically Sorghum vulgare, until the slaughters in november. The steers were slaughtered according the visual fatness, independently of the liveweight. The EW steers had IFW significantly lower than the CW steers (182,8 kg vs. 240.5 kg). However, the ADG was significant greater for EW steers, with adjusted means as 1.399 and 1.269 kg/day for EW and CW, respectively. SW and CCW were lighter for EW steers (328.8 and 359.4 of live weight and 174.0 and 186.7 kg of cold carcass for EW and CW, respectively. The EW steers had greater DP (52.9%) than CW steers (51.9%). No differences were observed between treatments for SFT, being 4.91 and 4.95 mm for EW and CW, respectively. SA was affected by age at weaning, with EW steers slaughtered at 430.1 days and CW steers slaughtered at 416.9 days of age.
Keywords : finishing carcass; slaughter weight; supplementary feeding; slaughter age; weaning age.