Revista Brasileira de Zootecnia
On-line version ISSN 1806-9290
SILVA, Saulo da Luz e et al. Prediction of carcass weight and dressing percentage in Nellore and Brangus young bulls, by ultrasound measurements. R. Bras. Zootec. [online]. 2003, vol.32, n.5, pp. 1227-1235. ISSN 1806-9290. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1516-35982003000500025.
The objective of this work was to obtain equations to estimate hot carcass weight (PCQ) and dressing percentage (RC) from ultrasound measurements (US) of 48 young bulls of the Brangus and Nellore breeds, fed diets with 20, 40, 60 or 80% of concentrate. Ultrasonic measurements made with a PieMedical Scanner 200 Vet equipment, with linear array transducer of 178 mm coupled with standoff guide, were ribeye area (AOLU), backfat thickness (EGSU) between 12ª and 13ª ribs and the fat thickness over the Biceps femoris (EGPU) muscle and live weight were collected on intervals of approximately 28 days. Regression equations for each breed and an overall equation were established. The best equations were selected through the Cp statistics. Correlations between measurements taken by ultrasound and after slaughter were 0.83 between AOLU and carcass area and 0.86 between EGSU and carcass backfat. Equations to estimate PCQ showed greater accuracy when measurements were taken closer to slaughter. However, equations to estimate RC showed lower accuracy and showed no improvement closer to slaughter. The overall equation showed the same or less accuracy for both characteristics if compared to equations of each breed. Predictions of PCQ and RC using ultrasound measurements showed results similar to those using the same measurements taken directly on carcass. The EGPU measurement did not increase the accuracy of predictions when EGSU already in model.
Keywords : beef cattle; fat thickness; feedlot; prediction equations; ribeye area; ultrasound.