Revista Brasileira de Zootecnia
versión On-line ISSN 1806-9290
COBUCI, Jaime Araujo et al. Analysis of persistency in the lactation of Holstein cows using test-day yield and random regression model. R. Bras. Zootec. [online]. 2004, vol.33, n.3, pp. 546-554. ISSN 1806-9290. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1516-35982004000300004.
A total of 87,045 milk yield records of 11,023 first-parity Holstein cows was utilized, obtained from 1997 to 2001 from different herds of 10 Minas Gerais locations. Six types of persistency measures in lactation were evaluated using milk yield breeding values, obtained by means of Random Regression Model - RRM. The Wilmink function was used to describe the random and fixed effects by RRM. Heritability estimates and genetic correlations for various persistency measures in lactation were dependent on the definition of persistency. The heritability estimates for persistency in lactation ranged from 0.11 to 0.27 and the genetic variations among persistency measures in lactation and milk yield up to d 305 ranged from -0.31 to 0.55, showing that persistency in lactation is a trait of moderate heritability showing little correlation with milk yield up to d 305. The selection of animals for persistency in lactation aiming to alter the lactation curve may be effective.
Palabras clave : genetic correlation; heritability; random regression model; persistency in lactation; test-day milk yield; Holstein cows.