Revista Brasileira de Zootecnia
Print version ISSN 1516-3598
SANTOS, Davi Teixeira dos et al. Energy supplements for beef heifers rearing at annual pastures: economic analysis. R. Bras. Zootec. [online]. 2004, vol.33, n.6, suppl.3, pp. 2359-2368. ISSN 1516-3598. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1516-35982004000900023.
An economic evaluation was accomplished of two experiments with intensive feeding systems for rearing of beef heifers weaned with 60-90 days. In experiment 1, the heifers reared in Pearl Millet pasture, exclusively under grazing (PAST1); supplemented with milled corn grain (PAST1/C) or supplemented with pellet citric pulp (PAST1/P). In experiment 2, the heifers were reared in Oat plus Italian Ryegrass pasture without supplementation to the animals (PAST2); supplemented with milled corn grain (PAST2/C) or supplemented with soy hull (PAST2/H). With the results of animal production per hectare and composition of the costs was realized an evaluation of the direct financial response of the studied feeding systems. Based on the live weight of the heifers at twelve months of age a bioeconomic analysis of the employed technologies was presented. In experiment 1, the milled corn grain supplemented presented financial loss, while other systems just only covered costs, without surplus gross margin. In experiment 2, the corn grain system covered only costs, and the exclusive use of the pasture and the soy hull supplementation provided satisfactory values of gross margin for hectare. The increase of birth rate from 50 to 80% or the reduction of the age at first mating of the heifers from three to two years could reduce, respectively, in 62 and 23% the number of unproductive females in the herd for each 100 pregnant cows. These practices present potentiality to reduce this number of animals in 74%, when accomplished jointly.
Keywords : total cost; early weaning (60-90 days); gross margin; mating systems.