Revista Brasileira de Zootecnia
On-line version ISSN 1806-9290
BREMM, Carolina et al. Ingestive behavior of beef heifers grazing oat (Avena strigosa Schreb) and ryegrass (Lolium multiflorum Lam) pasture under supplementation levels. R. Bras. Zootec. [online]. 2005, vol.34, n.2, pp.387-397. ISSN 1806-9290. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1516-35982005000200005.
The ingestive behavior of beef heifers when submitted to different energy supplementation levels was evaluated. Heifers grazing Italian ryegrass (Lolium multiflorum Lam.) and black oat (Avena strigosa Schreb) pasture, were supplemented with wheat bran, supplied daily at 2 p.m. at levels of 0; 0.5; 1.0; 1.5% of live weight. The activities of grazing, rumination, idle and trough permanence, were recorded by visual observation, at a ten minute intervals, in four periods of 24 hours. For each supplementation level were allocated six animals of genetic groups Charolais, 3/4Charolais/Nellore and 5/8Nellore/Charolais, with eight months of age and 158 kg of initial weight. Supplemented animals reduced grazing time, compared with no supplemented animals, without changing estimated pasture consumption. Animals supplemented at 1.5% of live weight, spent longer time at trough and showed a higher visiting frequency. The supplementation levels did not interfere in rumination and idle times.
Keywords : Charolais; continuous grazing; wheat bran.