Revista Brasileira de Zootecnia
versión On-line ISSN 1806-9290
SANTOS, Edson Mauro et al. Lactation in Mangalarga Marchador mares: yield production and composition of milk, and weight gain of suckling foals. R. Bras. Zootec. [online]. 2005, vol.34, n.2, pp. 627-634. ISSN 1806-9290. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1516-35982005000200032.
This work aims to evaluate yield production and composition of milk of Mangalarga Marchador mares and average weight gain of suckling foals. Milk yield was evaluated in eight mares by the weigh-suck-weigh method, at intervals of two hour, twelve times a day. Daily milk produced was estimated by summing of the twelve observations. Milk yield was performed at 20, 40, 60, 80, 100, 120, 140 and 160 days of lactation. The milk was analyzed for lactose, protein, fat and energy concentration. Daily milk production ranged from 9.95 kg at 40th day to 7.48 kg no final da lactação (160th day) Total estimate milk yield during the lactation was 1405.56 kg. Milk yield as a % LW of mares ranged from 2.3% LW at 20th day to 1.8% LW at the end of lactation. Amounts of milk produced during daytime and nighttime was similar and mare age did not affect milk production. Average weight gain of foals during lactation period was 0.77 kg/day with higher values at first months of lactation period. Milk showed low concentration of protein, fat and energy, high levels of lactose, with a decreasing quadratic response in function of lactation period.
Palabras llave : horse; lactation; nutritional requirements.