Revista Brasileira de Zootecnia
versão On-line ISSN 1806-9290
VIEIRA, Antonio et al. Growth and reproductive performance of grazing females Nellore on cerrado of Central Brazil. R. Bras. Zootec. [online]. 2006, vol.35, n.1, pp.186-192. ISSN 1806-9290. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1516-35982006000100024.
A model fitted to grazing females Nellore during the rearing periods of the Cerrado Region of Central Brazil was simulated and validated in this study. Body weight gain (BWG) was determined during three years as follows: 1) first dry season after weaning on Brachiaria brizantha (Hochst) Stapf., 2) rainfall season and 3) second dry season both on Panicum maximum Jacq. cv. Tanzânia and averaged 0.020, 0.550, and 0.172 kg, respectively. In the second rainfall season during the rearing period heifers grazed Brachiaria decumbens Stapf. At 24.33 months of age the heifers body weight (BW) averaged 299 kg while in the beginning of the mating season their age and BW averaged, respectively, 25.51 ± 0.99 months (CV = 3.50%) and 309.33 ± 19.19 kg (CV = 6.20%). On average, animals calved 326.71 ± 19.98 days (CV = 6.11) after the beginning of the mating season and 36.26 months of age. The mean pregnancy rate was 88.4%. The pregnant heifers were 25.58 ± 9.97 days older and 9.8 ± 7.04 kg heavier than those non-pregnant. The mean BW and body condition in the middle of the mating season were 360 ± 31.00 and 2.94 ± 0.60, before calving 436 ± 30.86 kg and 4.57 ± 0.40, and at weaning 369 ± 33.89 kg and 3.11 ± 0.64, respectively. The mean weaning rate was of 75.6%. Calves mean BW and age at weaning were of 158 ± 20.1 kg and 202 ± 16.6 days, respectively. Nellore heifers grazing Brachiaria decumbens Stapf. and bred at 24/26 months of age showed high production.
Palavras-chave : rearing of female calves; pregnancy rate; weaning rate; weaning weight; weight and age at first calving.