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Revista Brasileira de Zootecnia

Print version ISSN 1516-3598On-line version ISSN 1806-9290

Abstract

BOLIGON, Arione Augusti et al. Heritabilities for post-weaning daily gain and scrotal circumference at yearling age and genetic and phenotypic trends for post-weaning daily gain in Nellore-Angus crossbreds. R. Bras. Zootec. [online]. 2006, vol.35, n.4, pp.1323-1328. ISSN 1516-3598.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1516-35982006000500010.

Data consisting of 47.668 records of a Nellore-Angus crossbred population, raised in several regions of Brazil, from 1991 to 2001, were used to estimate heritability for post-weaning daily gain (ADG) and for scrotal circumference at yearling age (SCY) using REML. Genetic and phenotypic trends for ADG were also estimated. The model used to estimate heritability and breeding values (BVs) for ADG included the fixed effects of breed composition (defined by the percentage of contribution of the Nellore breed of the animal and his parents) and the contemporary group after weaning (herd, year/season of birth, sex and management group) and the random additive genetic animal and residual effects. The same model, including the fixed effects of weight and age of the animal at yearling, as covariates, was used for SCY. The average ages at weaning and yearling were respectively 215 and 528 days. The heritability estimates for ADG and SCY were 0.44 ± 0.02 and 0.22 ± 0.08, respectively. The annual genetic trend for ADG decreased up to the year of 1996 and increased then on. The phenotypic trend was 9.4 g/day/year.

Keywords : breeding values; genetic progress; regression.

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