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Revista Brasileira de Zootecnia

Print version ISSN 1516-3598On-line version ISSN 1806-9290


SOUZA, Viviane Glaucia de et al. Effect of replacing Tifton 85 hay with corn silage on intake, digestibility, and performance of crossbred Limousin x Zebu bulls. R. Bras. Zootec. [online]. 2006, vol.35, n.5, pp.2172-2178. ISSN 1516-3598.

Intake, digestibility of nutrients, daily gain, and feed conversion were evaluated in beef cattle receiving diets containing Tifton 85 hay and corn silage in the following proportions (% forage DM): 100:0, 68:32, 35:65, and 0:100. A forage:concentrate ratio of 58:42 (% diet DM) was used. Nineteen crossbred Limousin x Zebu bulls averaging 301 kg of initial body weight were allotted to completely randomized design. The trial lasted 99 days with 15 days for diet adaptation and three experimental periods of 28 days. Indigestible acid detergent fiber was used as an internal marker to estimate fecal excretion. The mean daily intakes of DM, OM, CP, TC, and NDF all responded quadratically by increasing the corn silage level in the diet. The quadratic maxima for both DM and OM intakes were 7.52 and 7.08 kg/day at 61.13 and 61.78% of corn silage in the forage fraction of the diet, respectively. The apparent total tract digestibilities of DM, OM, and NDF were not affected by the proportion of corn silage in the diet. However, average daily gain and feed conversion increased and decreased linearly, respectively, when the proportion of corn silage in the forage portion of the diet was increased from 0 to 100%. The weight gain of crossbred Limousin x Zebu bulls increased 4.82 g/day per each unit of corn silage included in the diet.

Keywords : feedlot; feed conversion ratio; indigestible acid detergent fiber.

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