Revista Brasileira de Zootecnia
On-line version ISSN 1806-9290
OLIVEIRA, Kátia de et al. Nutritive value and kinetics study of digestive tract of diets to equine containing dry grains or high-moisture of sorghum grains silage of low and high tannin. R. Bras. Zootec. [online]. 2007, vol.36, n.6, pp. 1809-1819. ISSN 1806-9290. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1516-35982007000800014.
Four crosbred mares averaging six years and 400 kg BW were allotted to latin square design. The objective was to evaluate the nutritive values and kinetics of digestive tract of dry grains or high-moisture grains silage of sorghum with low and high tannin in the feeding of equines. The treatments consisted of diets containing two hybrids of sorghum grains (low and high tannin) and to methods of conservation (dry an ensiled). Diets were formulated to be isoprotein (12.4% CP) with daily DM intake established in 1.5% BW (hay to concentrate ratio of 50:50). The parameters of gastrointestinal transit were: k1 (passage rate in the large intestine); k2 (passage rate in the stomach); TT (transit time); MRT (mean retention time) and TMRT (mean total retention time). No effect treatment was observed for aCD of DM and starch, whose means values were 54.04 and 98.91%, respectively. A benefic effect of the ensiling of high tannin and high-moisture sorghum grains on digestibility of CP and NDF. The aCD of CP and NDF for diets containing high tannin and dry grains of sorghum was of 49.76% and 32.20% and for diets containing of low tannin sorghum grains (dry and ensiled) and high tannin and high-moisture sorghum grains was of 65.63 and 43.32%, respectively. There was effect only of the conservation method of the sorghum grains (dry versus ensiled) on the TMR, where the value for the diets with silages of high-moisture grains and dry grains was, respectively, of 40.08 and 37.9h. In conclusion, high tannin sorghum dry grains should not be used as the main grain in energetic concentrates for horses, because they reduced the digestion of protein and fiber.
Keywords : digestibility; gastrintestinal transit; horse; passage rate.