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Revista Brasileira de Zootecnia

Print version ISSN 1516-3598On-line version ISSN 1806-9290

Abstract

RODRIGUES, Rosane Cláudia et al. Dry matter production, leaf/stem ratio and growth indexes of palisade grass (Brachiaria brizantha cv. Xaraés), cultivated with different rate combinations of nitrogen and potassium. R. Bras. Zootec. [online]. 2008, vol.37, n.3, pp.394-400. ISSN 1516-3598.  https://doi.org/10.1590/S1516-35982008000300003.

This work aimed to evaluate dry matter production, leaf/stem ratio and growth indexes of palisade grass cv. Xaraés grown under increasing nitrogen and potassium rates. The experiment was carried out in a greenhouse from November, 2004 until February, 2005. The experimental treatments consisted of a 4 ´ 3 factorial arrangement between nitrogen and potassium rates respectively. Nitrogen rates were 0, 75, 150, and 225 mg dm-3, whereas potassium rates were 0; 50 and 100 mg dm-3. The experiment design was completely randomized with four replications. It was verified a positive N fertilization effect both on leaf dry matter yield and total dry matter yield. Potassium influenced these same response variables only at the second harvest. The leaf/stem ratio, leaf area ratio (LAR), specific leaf area (SLA) and, leaf weight ratio (LWR) were affected by treatments only at the third harvest. Increasing N rates reduced these response variables (L/S, LAR, SLA, LWR) while potassium rates behaved in an antagonistic way on LAR and SLA.

Keywords : leaf area ratio; leaf weight ratio; mineral nutrition; specific leaf area.

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