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Revista Brasileira de Zootecnia
On-line version ISSN 1806-9290
SILVA, Marcos Augusto Alves da et al. Nutritional evaluation of cassava root silage with or without whole soybean for nursery piglets. R. Bras. Zootec. [online]. 2008, vol.37, n.8, pp. 1441-1449. ISSN 1806-9290. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1516-35982008000800015.
Two experiments were carried out to determine nutritive value and verify performance of piglets fed diets with by cassava root silage with or without whole soybean. In the first experiment, 15 crossbred barrows with initial BW of 21.90 ± 2.54 kg were allotted to a split plot design, whole plot (animals) and plot (time) with five diets and six repetitions. Four cassava root silages were evaluated: without inoculant (CA), with inoculant (CI), with integral soy (CS), and with integral soy and inoculant (CSI). The digestible values of dry matter, protein and ether extract of CS and CSI silages and of starch, organic matter and energy andthe metabolizable energy were 80.95, 1.82, 75.01, 77.31%, 3,249 and 3,184 kcal/kg for CA; 82.30, 1.95, 74.65, 81.81%, 3,292 and 3,271 kcal/kg for CI; 80.08, 6.69, 2.35, 64.18, 79.25%, 3,452 and 3,370 kcal/kg for CS and 79.22, 6.73, 2.20, 66.79, 78.46%, 3,342 and 3,303 kcal/kg for CSI, respectively, based on 85.45% dry matter. The use of inoculant bacterial enzyme was not effective to improve nutrients digestibility. In the second experiment, 36 crossbred piglets with initial 14.67±1.07 kg BW were assigned to a completely randomized design in a 3 × 2 factorial arrangement (feed and weight classes), with six replications and two piglets per experimental unit. The treatments consisted of a corn-soy meal based diet and other two diets with total cornreplacement by cassava root silage with or without whole soybean. The offer of cassava silage + soybean decreased average daily gain, while the cassava silage + soybean and corn-soy meal based diet worst feed:gain of the piglets. Cassava root silage, with or without whole soybean, showed higher nutritive value and could be used without restriction in piglet feeding in the initial phase.
Keywords : alternative foods; digestibility; energy values; performance; swine.