Revista Brasileira de Zootecnia
versión On-line ISSN 1806-9290
AGUINAGA, Angelo Antonio Queirolo et al. Morphological components and forage production of oat (Avena strigosa, Schreb) and annual ryegrass (Lolium multiflorum, Lam) pasture managed at different heights. R. Bras. Zootec. [online]. 2008, vol.37, n.9, pp. 1523-1530. ISSN 1806-9290. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1516-35982008000900002.
Forage growth dynamic in an Oat (Avena strigosa, Schreb) + Ryegrass (Lolium multiflorum, Lam) pasture managed at different grazing heights was evaluated in order to access the mixed-sward potential in a crop-livestock integrated system. Treatments were four sward grazing heights (10, 20, 30, and 40 cm), measured with a sward-stick. The experimental design was a random block with three replications. The grazing method utilized was continuous stocking with variable stocking rate. Beef steers weighting 210 kg with approximately 10 month old were used. The analyzed variables were herbage mass (HM), herbage growth rate (GR), dry matter production (DMP), and the morphological components (stem, leaf and senescent material). A linear increase was observed for herbage mass as herbage height increased. Results showed that for every centimeter in sward height above 10 cm means approximately 90 kg DM/ha. Treatments did not affect the GR and the DMP, and the average values were 66.8 kg DM/ha/day and 10,721 kg DM/ha, respectively. Ryegrass leaf presented greater proportion than oat leaf in the three evaluation periods, showing higher values for the treatment 10 cm in the last evaluation (about 20% of participation in the total biomass). Oat presented a fast initial development and decreased the production on the later periods.
Palabras llave : Avena strigosa; growth rate; herbage mass; Lolium multiflorum; structure components; sward height.