Revista Brasileira de Zootecnia
On-line version ISSN 1806-9290
NOVELLO, Daiana et al. Chemical evaluation and fatty acid profile of broilers meat fed diets with fish meal or white oat. R. Bras. Zootec. [online]. 2008, vol.37, n.9, pp. 1660-1668. ISSN 1806-9290. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1516-35982008000900019.
The objective was to analyze the chemical composition and profile of fatty acids of broilers meat (breast and drumstick/thigh) fed diets with fish meal and oats. A completely randomized design, with five diets, three replications of 10 birds each, was used. Diets with 4.5 or 9% fishmeal, 10 or 20% oats, and control diet were evaluated. There was no difference in breast chemical composition. Drumstick/thigh of birds fed diets with 9% fishmeal and 10% oats showed greater amount of lipids than those fed control diet and diet with 20% oats. Composition of saturated fatty acids, as for breast and as for drumstick/thigh, did not differ between the birds. Diet with 20% oats increased the amount of palmitoleic acid in the breast in comparison to that with 9% fishmeal. Accretion of fatty acid in drumstick/thigh was higher in birds fed both diets with oats and lower in those fed diet with 9% fishmeal. Diet with 9% fishmeal showed greater potential to increase polyunsaturated fatty acids ω3 (alfa-linolenic) in breast and ω6 in drumstick/thigh, as compared to diets with oats. However, diet with 9% fishmeal showed greater accretion of ω3 in drumstick/thigh. Use of oats in diet improves the profile of monounsaturated fatty acids, especially palmitoleic acid, while use of 9% fish meal in diet improves the profile of ω3 and ω6 polyunsaturated fatty acids.
Keywords : broiler chickens; carcass; fish meal; white oat.