Revista Brasileira de Zootecnia
versão On-line ISSN 1806-9290
ALVES, Kaliandra Souza et al. Body composition and energy requirements for weight gain of growing Moxotó goat kids. R. Bras. Zootec. [online]. 2008, vol.37, n.10, pp. 1853-1859. ISSN 1806-9290. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1516-35982008001000020.
Twenty-six Moxotó non-castrated males kids, with average 15 kg BW and 7 to 8 mo old, were fed a diet containing 2.6 Mcal/kg ME were used to evaluate the body composition and energy requirements for weight gain. At the beginning of the experiment, six animals were slaughtered as a reference to estimate initial body composition and initial empty body weight (EBW). While, the remaining animals (four groups of five animals, one for each feeding regime, were distributed to a completely randomized experimental design, with four feeding regime (100% or ad libitum (AL), and 85, 70 or 55% of the intake recorded for the animals from the AL group) and five replications. As the animals from the AL group approached 25 kg BW, an animal from each feeding regime was slaughtered. Logarithm (log) equations body fat (BFC) and energy (BEC) content were fitted on log10 of EBW. The concentration of water in the body of animals was low, however, the deposition of fat, protein and ash content increased with the maturity of animals. There was an increase from 78.55 to 125.38 g/kg of EBW in BFC and from 1.90 to 2.34 Mcal/kg of EBW in BEC with the increase from 15 to 25 kg of LW of the animals. There was a positive linear relationship between energy composition of gain in EBW (EBWG) (Mcal/kg EBWG) and EBW. Similar response was observed to BFC in the gain. The body fat (g) and energy (Mcal) contents of Moxotó goats kids increased from 14.33 to 22.87 and 0.26 to 0.32 per 100 g of EBWG, respectively, as EBW increased.
Palavras-chave : empty body weight; fat; native goats; requirement.