Revista Brasileira de Zootecnia
Print version ISSN 1516-3598
CASTILHO, Erick Fonseca de et al. Use of propolis and ascorbic acid on goat semen cryopreservation. R. Bras. Zootec. [online]. 2009, vol.38, n.12, pp. 2335-2345. ISSN 1516-3598. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1516-35982009001200007.
The objectives of this study were to verify whether propolis and ascorbic acid have an effect on plasmatic membrane integrity of goat spermatozoa and investigate the potential of these antioxidants in the use of goats spermatozoa cryopreservation extenders. Five adult boars were used of the Alpine (n = 2) and Saanen (n = 3) breeds. After semen collection, the evaluation consisted of the physical and morphological exam, live and dead cells (supravital test) and hyposmotic swelling test. Afterwards, the fresh semen was diluted with the Bioxcell® extender (control); Bioxcell® + 0.25% freeze dried propolis extract); Bioxcell® + 0.5% freeze dried propolis extract); Bioxcell® + 0.05% ascorbic acid) or Bioxcell® + 0.25% ascorbic acid). After final dilutions, the sperm motility and vigor were assessed obtained in each extender, and then the semen was sealed, cooled and frozen. In fresh semen, the physical and morphological aspects and the results of the supravital test and hyposmotic swelling test did not differ between animals or breeds. The general means of the sperm motility and vigor, supravital test and hyposmotic swelling test obtained immediately after thawing and after three hours of heat resistence test were different, so that the extender with ascorbic acid and the control were similar and higher than the extenders containing propolis. The ascorbic acid maintained the structural integrity of the spermatozoa membrane during the cryopreservation process and its viability after the heat resistance test, and may be an alternative in extender composition for cryopreservation of goat semen; the propolis was not effective in maintaining sperm integrity and viability after thawing and was toxic to spermatozoa at concentrations of 0.25 and 0.5%.
Keywords : acid ascorbic; antioxidants; cryopreservation; goat; propolis; spermatozoa.