Revista Brasileira de Zootecnia
On-line version ISSN 1806-9290
CORREA, Marcela Bicca Bragança; DIONELLO, Nelson José Laurino and CARDOSO, Fernando Flores. Genetic evaluation of Devon Cattle using a reaction norms model. R. Bras. Zootec. [online]. 2010, vol.39, n.1, pp. 128-133. ISSN 1806-9290. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1516-35982010000100017.
The objective of this study was to evaluate differences in sire genetic values obtained by a conventional animal model (AM) and by a reaction norms hierarchical model (RNHM) that considers the genotype by environment interaction. A total of 25,500 records was used collected by PROMEBO - beef cattle improvement program of the National Breeders Association "Herd Book Collares" on Devon cattle born from 1980 though 2005. Post weaning gain 345 adjusted (PWG345) was the evaluated trait and the INTERGEN program was employed for data analysis. Reaction norms of the 25 sires with larger offspring showed ranking exchanges and scale effect in the environmental gradient. Spearman rank correlations between genetic values obtained by AM and RNHM at low, medium and high environmental levels were used to assess selection decision based on the different models. These correlations ranged from 0.12 and 0.99, therefore showing substantial changes in ranking, particularly between those genetic values obtained by the RNHM at low level compared to the same RNHM at medium and high levels and to AM, when considering the top 5% bulls. The results indicated that the selection process should consider the genotype by environmental interaction to maximize genetic gain and production of this population in each specific environment.
Keywords : genotype by environmental interaction; selection; sire ranking.