Revista Brasileira de Zootecnia
Print version ISSN 1516-3598
SARMENTO, José Lindenberg Rocha et al. Modeling of average growth curve in Santa Ines sheep using random regression models. R. Bras. Zootec. [online]. 2011, vol.40, n.2, pp. 314-322. ISSN 1516-3598. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1516-35982011000200012.
Polynomial functions of age of different orders were evaluated in the modeling of the average growth trajectory in Santa Ines sheep in random regression models. Initially, the analyses were performed not considering the animal effect. Subsequently, the random regression analyses were performed including the random effects of the animal and its mother (genetic and permanent environment). The linear fit was lower, and the other orders were similar until near 100 days of age. The cubic function provided the closest fit of the observed averages, mainly at the end of the curve. Orders superior to this one tended to present incoherent behavior with the observed weights. The estimated direct heritabilities, considering the linear fit, were higher to those estimated by considering other functions. The changes in animal ranking based on predicted breeding values using linear fit and superior orders were small; however, the difference in magnitude of the predicted breeding values was higher, reaching values 77% higher than those obtained with the cubic function. The cubic polynomial function is efficient in describing the average growth curve.
Keywords : animal model; breeding values; fixed regression; hairless sheep; heritability; polynomial functions.