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Revista Brasileira de Zootecnia

On-line version ISSN 1806-9290

Abstract

SANTOS, Armando Martins dos et al. Characterization of diploid species of Lotus in response to aluminum toxicity. R. Bras. Zootec. [online]. 2011, vol.40, n.5, pp.978-984. ISSN 1806-9290.  https://doi.org/10.1590/S1516-35982011000500006.

The objective of this work was to characterize diploid species, including Lotus japonicus model species and recombinant inbred lines of the Lotus genus for resistance to aluminum (Al) toxicity by using acid soil and nutrient solution. The experiments were conducted in greenhouse, being tested three diploid species (L. japonicus MG-20 and GIFU, L. filicaulis and L. burtii), and 180 recombinant inbred lines. In the experiments with diploid species, alfalfa was used as a check, and in the experiments with recombinant inbreed lines, GIFU model species was used. In the soil experiments, the morphological characteristics of the aerial part and the root were evaluated, and in the nutrient solution experiment, only the root length and growth were evaluated. MG-20 and GIF model species were the most productive in general. The results in nutrient solution followed the response pattern similar to the one observed in acid soil evaluations. The MG-20 genotype was superior to the others in all Al concentrations tested. Of the 180 recombinant inbred lines tested, 24 were superior and 39 inferior to the GIFU species. The great diversity observed in the model species and in the recombinant inbred lines can help in future selection of cultivated genotypes (tetraploids) inasmuch as they have a group of developed molecular markers which can be used at identification of regions responsible for higher or lower tolerance to aluminum toxicity.

Keywords : model specie; recombinant inbred line; toxic aluminum.

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