Revista Brasileira de Zootecnia
versión On-line ISSN 1806-9290
MEZZALIRA, Jean Carlos et al. Methodological aspects of ingestive behavior of grazing cattle. R. Bras. Zootec. [online]. 2011, vol.40, n.5, pp. 1114-1120. ISSN 1806-9290. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1516-35982011000500024.
It was evaluated grazing times of heifers in natural pasture, obtained by visual assessment in 5-minute intervals. By using the original data, it was calculated observation intervals of 10, 15 and 20 minutes. It was used four crossbreed Angus × Nellore heifers, with average weight of 249 ± 6 kg BW. The completely randomized block design was used with four treatments (forage allowance of 4, 8, 12 and 16 kg DM/100 kg BW) and two replicates, and type of soil was the blocking factor. The grazing method was continuous stocking with variable stocking rate. Grazing time, ruminating time and time of other activities did not differ among scales tested, therefore, they can be observed at every 20 minutes, but the number and duration of meals and its intervals presented variations according to observation scale. Only the observation scale of 5 minutes allowed the detection of daily modifications which compose meal dynamics upon the ingestive behavior of grazing animals. Estimates proved overestimation of 20 minutes in meal duration when observed at every 10 minutes in relation to the observation at every 5 minutes.
Palabras llave : bioma Pampa; forage allowance; natural pasture; observation scale.