Revista Brasileira de Zootecnia
On-line version ISSN 1806-9290
PEREIRA, Vinícius Valim et al. Morphogenic and structural characteristics of Panicum maximum Jacq. cv. Mombaça under three densities of fertilization with nitrogen. R. Bras. Zootec. [online]. 2011, vol.40, n.12, pp. 2681-2689. ISSN 1806-9290. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1516-35982011001200010.
The objective of this experiment was to evaluate the effect of the nitrogen fertilization and density of plants in the morphogenic and structural characteristics of mombaça grass (Panicum maximum Jacq.). The experiment was set up as a completely randomized block design with 12 treatments and three repetitions, with four applications of nitrogen (0, 80, 160 and 320 kg/ha.year) and three densities (9, 25 and 49 plants/m2) in the four seasons of the year. The plot was cut at 30 cm from the ground, when the light interception reached 95%. The following measures were done: leaf appearance and elongation rate, Phyllochron, leaf senescence rate, number of live leaves, leaf lifetime, stem elongation rate and rates of appearance and mortality of the total tiller. Nitrogen fertilization positively influenced the leaf and tiller appearance (fall and winter) rates, leaf elongation (spring and summer), and stem elongation (summer) rates, leaf senescence (all the stations) rate and number of live leaves and tillers (spring and summer). The fertilization also influenced positively the tillering of mombaça grass. Higher densities of plants increased the elongation and leaf senescence rates and decreased the number of tillers. Nitrogen fertilization reduces the phyllocron and life lenght of leaves (spring and summer), but does not affect the mortality rate of tillers.
Keywords : light interception; nitrogen fertilization; tiller.