Revista Brasileira de Zootecnia
On-line version ISSN 1806-9290
BUENO, Rachel Santos et al. Estimation methods of non-additive effects for characteristics of weight and scrotal circumference in crossbred beef cattle. R. Bras. Zootec. [online]. 2012, vol.41, n.5, pp. 1140-1145. ISSN 1806-9290. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1516-35982012000500009.
The objective of this study was to investigate, in a population of crossbred cattle, the obtainment of the non-additive genetic effects for the characteristics weight at 205 and 390 days and scrotal circumference, and to evaluate the consideration of these effects in the prediction of breeding values of sires using different estimation methodologies. In method 1, the data were pre-adjusted for the non-additive effects obtained by least squares means method in a model that considered the direct additive, maternal and non-additive fixed genetic effects, the direct and total maternal heterozygosities, and epistasis. In method 2, the non-additive effects were considered covariates in genetic model. Genetic values for adjusted and non-adjusted data were predicted considering additive direct and maternal effects, and for weight at 205 days, also the permanent environmental effect, as random effects in the model. The breeding values of the categories of sires considered for the weight characteristic at 205 days were organized in files, in order to verify alterations in the magnitude of the predictions and ranking of animals in the two methods of correction data for the non-additives effects. The non-additive effects were not similar in magnitude and direction in the two estimation methods used, nor for the characteristics evaluated. Pearson and Spearman correlations between breeding values were higher than 0.94, and the use of different methods does not imply changes in the selection of animals.
Keywords : crossbred; heterozygosity; multibreed evaluation; recombination loss.